|Samuel C. Armstrong|
He had founded the Institute in 1868 for the education of blacks and Indians. Booker T. Washington had been a student at the school.
|R. Nathaniel Dett|
1 General indifference, amounting almost to contempt for things of native origin, and a slavish admiration on the part of American composers, critics, and, to some extent, publishers, for European ideals in music and art
2 Lack of literary masterpieces of Negro themes, which as librettos or programs would be sources of inspiration for great idiomatic musical works
3 Lack of proper musical and academic training among Negro composers
4 Lack of time for racial study and composition on the part of Negro composers